GOLD AND GLASS
Length 33.5 cm. ; average diameter of beads 0.3 cm ; length of
beech-nuts 0.6 cm. ; weight 13.9 gr.
The necklace is strung with 118 beads of varying forms, from thirty-two
of which were suspended pendants with the shape of a triple-lobed
beech nut. Eighty of the beads are plain and spherical, of larger
and smaller sizes; two are spherical with a wire collar around
the perforations; one is a very short plain cylinder. The remaining
thirty-five beads are granulated, most formed from three rings
of granules soldered together, either in the form of short cylinders
or squat spheres, some with wire rings around the perforations;
the others are formed from a spiralled single length of granules.
Of the beech-nut pendants, twenty are gold, and twelve were originally
glass. The gold pendants are suspended from plain beads by a three-link
chain, the top ring attached to the bead, the bottom ring to the
pendant. To twelve of the granulated beads is attached a wire
ring, through which is hooked the looped upper end of a wire stem
which pierces a perforated beech-nut pendant made of glass. One
of the glass pendants is missing completely, five retain only
the stem with its granular termination. Of the surviving six,
four are turquoise and two brownish-red in colour. Both gold and
glass pendants have a cluster of granulation at the tip.
Plain spherical beads and granulated beads are combined in necklaces
from tombs at Sardis. One of these has beads attached to pendants
by three-link chains. Beech-nut pendants of the early Hellenistic
era are invariably suspended from strap necklaces; examples are
from the tombs of Pavlovsky and the Great Blitznitza in the Crimea,
a necklace said to be from near Thessaloniki, and one said to
Kyme. The 'spear-head' pendants cited in inventories of the 3rd
century BC from Delos, where they are called "little spearheads",
may have been of this type. In the so-called Tomb of the 'Carian
Princess' at Halicarnassos was also found a necklace with beech-nut
pendants. A necklace in Pforzheim has beech-nut and ribbed seed
pendants and is part of a group said to be from Sardis. A necklace
in the Batya and Elie Collection in Jerusalem has gold granulated
beads from which are suspended beech-nut pendants with granulation
clusters at the tips, as well as plain spherical beads. The necklace
also has individual bud-shaped pendants of red and blue stone.
Other elements of this necklace provide close comparisons for
the acorn necklace and the hippocamp brooch , both from Toptepe.