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The Lydian Treasure


THE LADLES, or kyathoi, from the Güre tumuli are all silver and belong to a dipper type that was used in Anatolia and Palestine in the Persian and Hellenistic eras and that may be Achaemenid. The rendering of animal terminals with foreparts in the round and hindquarters in relief on the handles of nos. 30 and 107 is Achaemenid. Animal head terminals on examples from Sardis, the Bandirma region and from Gezer and Tell el-Far'ah in Palestine are also of Achaemenid type (although the nude girl on the handle stem of one from Tell el Far'ah is a Palestinian feature). Similar to the Ikiztepe examples are two in the British Museum (WA 116410, 118014). Two later examples, one from Prusias in Bithynia, the other reportedly from the Bandirma region, date to the 4th century BC and the Hellenistic era respectively. The type is not Greek, although analogous dippers were used in Greece and appear in Attic black-figure and red-figure symposium scenes.
THE GÜRE tumuli do not include large containers of the kind with which one might expect ladles to be associated. Ladles from graves in Palestine were deposited together with bowls of several kinds; the example from the grave at Sardis rested in a small spouted dish like no. 59. The use of ladles by royal cupbearers to taste wine before offering it to the king is reported by Xenophon.


This site prepared by Tayfun Kalyoncu on 28.02.1997 and last updated on 01.05.1999.
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