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The Lydian Treasure

Incense Burner


Height of stand 1 7.9 cm.
height of cover 1 0.9 cm.
diameter of cover 6.3 cm.
total weight 221.48 gr.
(stand 155.18 gr, cover 66.3 gr.)

Usak Museum

The broad shallow cup has a rounded shoulder and a plain vertical rim. It is soldered to the top of a tall pedestal which flares, at first gently and then sharply, to a splayed base. The pedestal is ringed wdth horizontal fluting. Towards the top is a pronounced bulge whose depth and contour follow closely those of the cup itself. Below the bulge are two ducks' heads) one on each of opposite sides of the pedestal. One of the heads is perforated horizontally to accommodate the end ring of a chain of which six links survive. The conical cover is composed of ten stepped tiers, the lowest of which fits over the rim of the cup. Cut out of the central eight tiers are arrow shaped slots to allow the smoke of the incense to escape. On the top of the cover is riveted a convex floral disk, to the centre of which is soldered the cast figure of a cock. From the perforated tail of the cock hangs the ring which would have held the other end of the chain. The pedestal, cup and cover were each hammered separately. On the flare of the base is an inscription in Lydian which indicates that the name of the owner of the incense burner was Artimas.

von Bothmer notes that the featuring of a cock on the top of incense burners is known from Egyptian, Punic and Etruscan sources. The ducks' heads can be compared in form and position to those on the silver alabastra.


This site prepared by Tayfun Kalyoncu on 28.02.1997 and last updated on 01.05.1999.
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